The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) is the national government body for scientific research in Australia. It was founded in 1916 originally as the Advisory Council of Science and Industry.
Research highlights include the invention of atomic absorption spectroscopy, development of the first polymer banknote, invention of the insect repellant in Aerogard, technology and the introduction of a series of biological controls into Australia, such as the introduction of Myxomatosis and Rabbit calicivirus for the control of rabbit populations.
In October 2005, Nature magazine announced that CSIRO scientists had developed near-perfect rubber from resilin, the elastic protein which gives fleas their jumping ability and helps insects fly. 
Research groups and initiatives[edit | edit source]
Employing over 6600 staff, CSIRO maintains 55 sites across Australia as well as research stations in France and Mexico. The primary roles of CSIRO include contributing to meeting the objectives and responsibilities of the Australian Federal Government and providing new ways to benefit the Australia through research and development.
About 60% of the CSIRO staff have university degrees, including more than 1,850 with PhD and 420 with Master degrees.
Research groups[edit | edit source]
CSIRO includes the following seven Research Sectors:
- Energy and Transport
- Information, Communication and Services
- Mineral Resources
- Environment and Natural Resources
Each of the seven Research Sectors have a number of Research Divisons which are the business units that perform the various research activities of CSIRO.
The "Flagship" initiative[edit | edit source]
The CSIRO "Flagship" initiative was designed to integrate, focus and direct national scientific resources. In May 2005, the government announced the launch of CSIRO's $97 million Flagship Collaboration Fund, which is intended to encourage cooperative research between universities, CSIRO and other research agencies.
As of May 2005, CSIRO supported the following six "Flagships": Energy Transformed; Food Futures; Light Metals; Preventative Health; Water for a Healthy Country; and Wealth from Oceans.
The Air Quality Modelling and Dispersion Team[edit | edit source]
CSIRO's Air Quality Modelling and Dispersion Team is a part of the Marine and Atmospheric Research which is within the Sustainable Energy and Environment research division.
Some of the air dispersion models developed by CSIRO are:
- TAPM  (see description in Compilation of British and Australian models)
- LADM  (see description in Compilation of British and Australian models)
- AUSPLUME 
- AUSPUFF  (see description in Compilation of British and Australian models)
- DISPMOD  (see description in Compilation of British and Australian models)
References[edit | edit source]
- Elvin, C.M. et al,Synthesis and properties of crosslinked recombinant pro-resilin, Nature, Vol. 437, Issue 7061, Pages 999-1002.
Online version, accessed April 4, 2006
- Air Quality Modelling and Dispersion Team
- TAPM documentation
- LADM documentation
- AUSPLUME brief summary (scroll down beneath slide)
- AUSPUFF brief summary (scroll down beneath slide)
- DISPMOD brief summary (scroll down beneath slide)
See also[edit | edit source]
- Air Quality Modeling Group
- Air Resources Laboratory
- American Meteorological Society (AMS)
- Compilation of British and Australian models
- Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI)
- Individual models
- National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
- National Environmental Research Institute of Denmark (NERI)
- Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU)
- Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute (KNMI)
- Royal Meteorological Society (RMS)
- TA Luft
- UK Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling Liaison Committee
- UK Dispersion Modelling Bureau
- UK Met Office